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Light Cruisers
Project 68bis
Project 68bis-ZIF

NATO: Sverdlov Class


Quantity

14 + 11 units


Ships

Project 68bis - 14 units

Name
Yard ¹
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Leningrad, Áàëòèéñêèé Shipyard ¹189 named after S. Ordzhonikidze – 5 units
Sverdlov
¹408
15.10.1949
5.07.1950
15.05.1952
 
Zhdanov
¹419
11.02.1950
27.12.1950
31.12.1952
from 21.02.1989 - KRU-101
Alexandr Suvorov
¹436
26.02.1951
15.05.1952
31.12.1953
 
Admiral Senyavin
¹437
31.10.1951
22.12.1952
30.11.1954
 
Dmitriy Pozharskiy
¹445
28.02.1952
25.06.1953
31.12.1954
 
Leningrad, Shipyard ¹194 named after A. Marti – 3 units
Ordzhonikidze
¹600
19.10.1949
17.09.1950
18.08.1952
 
Alexandr Nevskiy
¹625
30.05.1950
7.06.1951
31.12.1952
 
Admiral Lazarev
¹626
6.02.1951
29.06.1952
30.12.1953
 
Leningrad, Shipyard ¹196 «Sudmekh» – 1 units
Admiral Ushakov
¹420
31.08.1950
29.09.1951
8.09.1953
 
Nikolaev, Shipyard ¹444 named after A. Marti – 3 units
Dzerzhinskiy
¹374
21.12.1948
31.08.1950
18.08.1952
 
Admiral Nakhimov
¹375
27.06.1950
29.06.1951
27.03.1953
 
Mikhail Kutuzov
¹385
23.02.1951
29.11.1951
30.12.1954
 
Molotovsk, Shipyard ¹402 – 2 units
Molotovsk
¹301
15.07.1952
25.05.1954
30.11.1954
from 3.08.1957 - Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya
Murmansk
¹302
28.01.1953
24.04.1955
22.09.1955
 

Project 68bis-ZIF - 0 + 11 units

Name
Yard ¹
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Leningrad, Áàëòèéñêèé Shipyard ¹189 named after S. Ordzhonikidze – 0+3 units
Kronshtadt
¹453
04.1953
11.09.1954
-
not completed
Tallin
¹454
28.09.1953
28.05.1955
-
not completed
Varyag
¹460
5.02.1954
5.06.1956
-
not completed
Leningrad, Shipyard ¹194 named after A. Marti – 0+4 units
Scherbakov
¹627
06.1951
17.03.1954
-
not completed
Koz`ma Minin
¹628
06.1952
-
-
not completed
Dmitriy Donskoy
¹629
04.1953
-
-
not completed
-
¹631
-
-
-
not completed
Nikolaev, Shipyard ¹444 named after A. Marti – 0+2 units
Admiral Kornilov
¹395
16.11.1951
17.03.1954
-
not completed
-
¹396
-
-
-
not completed
Molotovsk, Shipyard ¹402 – 0+2 units
Arkhangelsk
¹303
1953
-
-
not completed
Vladivostok
¹304
1953
-
-
not completed

General characteristics - Project 68bis

Displacement (tons):
Standard:

13600

Full load:16640
Dimensions (m):
Length:210
Beam:21,99
Draft:7,38
Speed (knots):32,7
Range:5700 nmi (17 knots), 5220 nmi (18,2 knots), 4100 nmi (23,2 knots), 3700 nmi (21,5 knots), 2080 nmi (32 knots), 1975 nmi (32,7 knots)
Autonomy (days):30
Propulsion: 2x55000 hp GTZA TV-7, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 5x300 kW TD-6 turbine-type generators, 4x300 kW DG-300 diesel generators
Armament: 4x3 152 mm MK-5-bis (2202 rounds) – «Molniya AC-68bis-A» with 2 radars «Zalp» fire control system
6x2 100 mm SM-5-1s (3852 rounds) (on first four ships - SM-5-1) – «Zenit-68bis-A» with 2 radars «Yakor`» fire control system (on some ships – «Yakor`-M», Murmansk – «Yakor`-M2»)
16x2 37 mm V-11 or V-11M (Admiral Senyavin, Dzerzhinskiy, Dmitriy Pozharskiy, Zhdanov, Mikhail Kutuzov) - 41370 rounds
2x5 533 mm PTA-53-68bis torpedo tubes (10 torpedoes) – «Stalingrad-2T-68bis» with radar «Zarya» fire control system (removed on Sverdlov in 1958)
68 mines KB-3 or AGSB or RM or 48 UDM mines or 63 UKSM mines or 40 KDM-1000 mines or 76 Type 1926 mines or 132 Type 1908 mines or 70 GMZ
Electronics: «Rif» surface search radar, «Gyuys-2» air search radar, 2 «Neptun» navigational radars, 2 «Fakel-MZ» and 2 «Fakel-MO» IFF, RPN-47-01, «Tamir-5N» sonar, «Solntce-1» (then removed, on Sverdlov – in 1958)
Crew:1270 (65 officers)

General characteristics - Project 68bis-ZIF

Displacement (tons):
Standard:

13720

Full load:16780
Dimensions (m):
Length:210
Beam:21,99
Draft:7,4
Speed (knots):31,5
Range:7000 nmi (17 knots)
Autonomy (days):30
Propulsion:2x55000 hp, GTZA TV-7, 5 turbine-type generators TD-6 x300 kW, 4 diesel generators DG-300 x300 kW
Armament:4x3  152 mm MK-5-bis (2202 rounds) – Fire control system «Molniya AC-68bis-A» with 2 radars «Zalp»
6x2 100 mm SM-5-1s (3852 rounds) with 2 radars «Yakor`-M»
6x4 57 mm ZIF-68 – radar «Fut-B-68bis»
2x5 533 mm PTA-53-68bis torpedo tubes (10 torpedoes) – Fire control system «Stalingrad-2T-68bis» with radar «Zarya»
68 mines KB-3 or AGSB or RM or 48 mines UDM or 63 mines UKSM or 40 mines KDM-1000 or 76 mines 1926y. or 132 mines 1908y. or 70 GMZ
Electronics:Surface search radar «Rif-A», air search radar «Gyuys-2», air/surface search radar «Fut-N», 2 navigational radars «Neptun», ESM radar systems «Korall-11A» , «Korall-14A», 2 «Fakel-MZ» and 2 «Fakel-MO» IFF, RPN-47-01, sonar «Tamir-5N»
Crew:1224

Schematics

Light Cruiser - Project 68bis
Light Cruiser - Project 68bis


Modernizations

Project 68A – 4+1 units: Sevastopol, «Sevmorzavod» named after S. Ordzhonikidze – Admiral Ushakov 8.05.1974-29.12.1978, Mikhail Kutuzov 30.09.1979-30.04.1986, Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya 8.12.1972-15.12.1976, Vladivostok «Dal`zavod» – Alexandr Suvorov 1973-79, Murmansk SRZ-35 - Alexandr Nevskiy from 1.12.1988 – not completed. 8x2 30 mm AK-230 (13860 rounds) – 4 Fire control systems MR-104 «Rys`» instead of 4x2 37 mm V-11, added 2x1 45 mm 21KM (Alexandr Suvorov), radar «Zalp-M2» instead of «Zalp» (Mikhail Kutuzov), air search radar «Kil`-U» instead of «Gyuys-2», reconnaissance radar «Machta-P4» (Admiral Ushakov – ESM radar systems «Krab-11», «Krab-12»), reconnaissance radar «Machta-P10», navigational radar «Don» instead of 2 «Neptun», «Nickel-KM» and «Khrom-KM» IFF, space communication complex R-790 «Tsunami-BM», space communication complex «Kristall-K» (Mikhail Kutuzov, Murmansk). 14600/18090 tons, draft 7,8 m, 40890 rounds for V-11, 32 kts, 6450 nmi (18,2 knots), 4100 nmi (23,2 knots), 1800 nmi (32,5 knots), 1650 nmi (33 knots), crew - 1257 (60 officers)
Project 68U1 «Bukhta-1» – 1 units: Zhdanov, Sevastopol, «Sevmorzavod» named after S. Ordzhonikidze in 10.1965-29.11.1971. Removed 3-th MK-5bis, added 1x2 launcher Zif-122 SAM system 4K33 «Osa-M» (20 missiles 9M33) – Fire control system 4R-33, 4x2 30 mm AK-230 – 2 Fire control system MR-104 «Rys`», air search rada «Kil`» instead of «Gyuys-2», ESM radar system «Krab-11», navigational radar «Don» instead of 2 «Neptun», «Nikhrom-M» IFF, combat information control system «Planshet», space communication complex R-790 «Tsunami-BM», space communication complex «Kristall-K» (02-08.1977). 14340/17890 tons, draft 7,8 m, 32 kts, 5800 nmi (17 knots), crew - 1083 (105 officers)
Project 68U2 «Bukhta-2» – 1 unit: Admiral Senyavin, Vladivostok, «Dal`zavod» 31.12.1966-24.07.1972. 2 stern MK-5bis removed, added 1 helicopter Ka-25, 1x2 launcher ZIF-122 SAM system 4K33 «Osa-M» (20 missiles 9M33) – Fire control system 4R-33, 8x2 30 mm AK-230 – 4 Fire control systems MR-104 «Rys`», air search radar «Kil`-u» instead of «Gyuys-2», surface search radar MR-302 «Rubka» instead of «Rif», ESM radar system «Krab-11», navigational radar «Don» instead of 2 «Neptun», combat information control system «Planshet», êspace communication complex R-790 «Tsunami-BM», space communication complex «Kristall-K» (from 1977), communication complex «Karat-M» (from 1977). 14350/17890 tons, draft 7,8 m, 32,4 kts, 6940 nmi (18 knots), crew - 856 (103 officers)
Project 70E – 1 unit: Dzerzhinskiy, Nikolaev, Shipyard ¹444 named after A. Marti 15.10.1957-30.08.1962. 1x2 launcher SM-64 SAM system M-2 «Volkhov-M» (10 missiles V-750) instead of one stern MK-5bis gun – Fire control system «Korvet-Sevan», removed 8x2 37 mm V-11M, radar «Zalp», «Zarya», added air/surface search radar P-500 «Kliver», air/surface search radar «Fut-N», air search radar MR-200 «Kaktus», radar «Razliv» (removed in 1974-75), DG-300 replaced by 4 diesel generators x400 kW. 12970/16070 tons, draft 7,2 m, 32 kts, 7400 nmi (17 knots), crew - 1266
Project 68E – 1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov, Sevastopol «Sevmorzavod» ¹497 named after S. Ordzhonikidze in 1954. 1 launcher V-16 anti-ship missile KSS (1 missile)
Project 68ER – 1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov, Sevastopol «Sevmorzavod» ¹497 named after S. Ordzhonikidze in 03.1955. Launcher V-16E instead of V-16
Project 67EP – 1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov, Sevastopol «Sevmorzavod» ¹497 named after S. Ordzhonikidze in 1955. 4 anti-ship missiles KSS – Fire control system «Kolchan»
Project 70 – 0+1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov, Sevastopol «Sevmorzavod» ¹497 named after S. Ordzhonikidze from 24.11.1957 – not completed. 4x2 launchers SAM system M-2 «Volkhov-M» instead of MK-5bis guns, 4x2 100 mm SM-52 instead of SM-5-1, 4x4 57 mm ZIF-75 – 4 Fire control system «Fut-B-70» instead of V-11. 13410/16590 tons, draft 7,4 m, 31,5 kts, 5500 nmi (17 knots), crew - 1035.
On Dmitriy Pozharskiy 25.04.1969-23.10.1970, Mikhail Kutuzov 16.10.1966-11.09.1967 navigator rooms instead of 4x2 V-11M . On Mikhail Kutuzov V-11M guns was added again 30.03.1979-30.04.1986
Radar «Yakor`» was modernized into «Yakor`-M»: Dzerzhinskiy in 1952-53
Air search radar P-8: Dmitriy Pozharskiy in 1957, Mikhail Kutuzov in 1956, Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya. Then removed.
Air search radar P-10: Admiral Senyavin, Admiral Ushakov, Alexandr Suvorov, Dmitriy Pozharskiy, Mikhail Kutuzov in 16.10.1966-11.09.1967, Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya (instead of P-8), Murmansk, Sverdlov in 1958. Then removed.
Air search radar P-12 «Enisey» (instead of P-8, P-10): Admiral Senyavin (instead of P-10), Alexandr Suvorov, Dmitriy Pozharskiy (instead of P-10) 25.04.1969-23.10.1970
Air search radar P-20: Admiral Lazarev (instead of 6x2 37 mm V-11)
Air/surface search radar P-500 «Kliver»: Alexandr Nevskiy in 1957-58, Dmitriy Pozharskiy (instead P-8)
Air/surface search radar «Fut-N»: Sverdlov (instead of «Rif») 24.12.1960-14.07.1961
Air search radar MR-510 «Kil`-U»: Mikhail Kutuzov (instead of P-8) 16.10.1966-11.09.1967, Molotovsk in 1969, Sverdlov (instead «Fut-N») 12.02-29.04.1966
ESM radar system «Korall»: Dzerzhinskiy in 1954
ESM radar system «Krab»: Admiral Senyavin, Dzerzhinskiy ins 1956, Zhdanov
ESM radar system «Krab-11»: Admiral Ushakov in 1957, Dzerzhinskiy in 1961
ESM radar system «Krab-12»: Admiral Lazarev, Admiral Ushakov in 1957, Alexandr Nevskiy, Alexandr Suvorov, Dmitriy Pozharskiy, Mikhail Kutuzov, Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya (instead of P-10) in 1976, Sverdlov
On some ships was added navigational radar «Don»

Non-realized updatings of the project:
Project 64 – missile cruiser with 3x4 launchers anti-ship missiles P-6, SAM system M-1 «Volna», M-3
Project 67 – missile cruiser with 2 launchers SM-58 anti-ship missiles KSS instead of MK-5bis guns
Project 67bis – missile cruiser with 4x5 launchers anti-ship missiles P-6 instead of stern MK-5bis guns
Project 67SI – 1 launcher SM-58 anti-ship missile KSS instead of bow MK-5bis guns on Admiral Nakhimov
Project 68bis-VVS – with «Brown Boveri Company» steam turbines
Project 68bis-SM-16 – with SM-16 guns instead of V-11
Project 71 – 2x2 launchers SAM system M-2 «Volkhov-M» instead of stern MK-5bis guns
Project 1131 – 2x2 launchers SAM system M-31 instead of stern MK-5bis guns


Fleets

Baltic Fleet: Admiral Lazarev (from 27.02.1956 Northern Fleet, from 22.10.1956 Pacific Fleet), Admiral Senyavin (from 24.02.1955 Northern Fleet, from 7.09.1955 Pacific Fleet), Admiral Ushakov (from 3.11.1956 Nothern Fleet, from 5.10.1963 Black Sea Fleet), Alexandr Suvorov (from 27.02.1956 Northern Fleet, from 22.10.1956 Pacific Fleet), Dmitriy Pozharskiy (from 24.02.1955 Northern Fleet, from 7.09.1955 Pacific Fleet), Ordzhonikidze (from 14.02.1961 Black Sea Fleet), Sverdlov, Zhdanov (from 31.02.1970 Black Sea Fleet)
Black Sea Fleet: Admiral Nakhimov, Dzerzhinskiy, Mikhail Kutuzov
Northern Fleet: Alexandr Nevskiy, Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya (from 16.12.1960 Baltic Fleet), Murmansk


Hull Numbers

Admiral Lazarev: 10, 25(1954), 82, 47(1956), 835(1.05.1977), 472, 039(1983), 024(1986)
Admiral Nakhimov: 22(1953), 93(1954), 33(1954), 592(1958)
Admiral Senyavin: 12(1956), 51(1956), 138(1958), 125(1959), 203(68áèñ), 619(ïð.68áèñ), 825(1964), 833(68áèñ, 68Ó2), 832(1972), 838(1973), 833(1.05.1977), 472(1978), 490(1981), 485(1985), 824(68Ó2), 052(1989)
Admiral Ushakov: 6(1954), 54(1955), 33(1956), 21(1957), 23(1957), 30(1958?), 203(1961), 120(1967), 844, 859(1971), 860(1971), 855(1972), 845(1973), 852(1974), 109(1979), 100(1981), 108(68À), 113(1983), 101
Alexandr Nevskiy: 02(1953), 30(1957), 8(1957), 150(1962), 813(1971), 812(1972), 805(1974), 868, 097, 077(1981), 057(1982), 077(1986), 067(1989)
Alexandr Suvorov: 20, 45(1956), 834(1970), 033(1979), 016(1981), 015(1984), 035(1986)
Dzerzhinskiy: 11(1953), 37(1954), 516(1958), 195(1965), 145(1967), 159(1969), 542(1970), 846(1970), 849(1970), 847(1971), 849(1971), 856(1971), 854(1974), 850(1976), 859(1977), 195(1978), 106(1979), 104(70Ý), 101(1980), 106(1987), 045, 846(70Ý), 848(70Ý), 855, 858(70Ý)
Dmitriy Pozharskiy: 56(1955), 55(1956), 71(1957), 619(1964), 636(1966), 824(1967), 835(1970), 633(1971), 833(1973), 021, 837(1974), 823, 881, 012(1976), 832(1.05.1977), 027(1980), 023(1987)
Zhdanov: 16(1954), 19(1955), 20(1957), 62(1957), 320(1959), 842(1971), 854(1972), 857(1972), 801(1972), 856(01.1974), 835(1974), 855(1974), 842(1975), 849(1976), 845(1976), 855(1980), 132(1981), 121(1982), 117(1983), 118(1984), 111(1984), 116(1984), 101(1986)
Mikhail Kutuzov: 4, 18(1954), 554(1955), 46(1957), 24(1958), 131(1959), 590(1960), 108(1962), 131(1965), 832(68áèñ), 856(1969), 590(1970), 859(1970), 850(1971), 854(1977), 020(1977), 010(68áèñ), 113(1978), 920(1980), 113, 105(1984), 852, 856, 100, 102
Molotovsk: 22(1957), 4(1958), 6, 202(1960), 842, 891, 118(1967), 890(1968), 846(1970), 899(1971), 020(1974), 015(1976), 892(1977), 844(1978), 141(1978), 154(1980), 194(1986), 154(1980)
Murmansk: 52(1956), 88, 154(1963), 120(1967), 818(1968), 150, 816, 805, 806(1973), 803(1976), 820, 050(1978), 074(1981), 020, 057(1989)
Ordzhonikidze: 18(1953), 45(1954), 21(1956), 53(1958), 310(1959), 743(1961), 435
Sverdlov: 22(1957), 51(1958), 300(1959), 102(1962), 252(1963), 884(1969), 851(1974), 866(1974), 891(1975), 861(1976), 881(1976), 074(1981), 100, 161(1989)


Decommissioned

1960 – Admiral Nakhimov (29.07)
1986 – Admiral Lazarev (12.10)
1987 – Admiral Ushakov (16.09), Dmitriy Pozharskiy (5.03), Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya (16.09)
1988 – Dzerzhinskiy (12.10)
1989 – Admiral Senyavin (30.05), Alexandr Nevskiy (30.05), Alexandr Suvorov (15.12), Sverdlov (30.05)
1990 – Zhdanov (19.04)
1992 – Murmansk (3.07)
1998 – Mikhail Kutuzov (28.08, from 2001 museum-ship in Novorossiysk)


Export

Indonesia: 1 unit
Irian 201 (till 24.01.1963 Ordzhonikidze) decommissioned in 1972

 
   

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