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Destroyers
Project 56

NATO: Kotlin Class


Quantity

27 units


Ships

Project 56

Name
Yard
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Leningrad, Shipyard 190 named after A.A.Zhdanova - 12 units
Spokoynyy
701
4.03.1953
28.11.1953
27.06.1956
 
Svetlyy
702
4.03.1953
27.10.1953
17.09.1955
 
Speshnyy
703
30.05.1953
7.08.1954
30.09.1955
 
Skromnyy
704
27.07.1953
26.10.1954
30.12.1955
 
Sveduschiy
705
7.12.1953
17.02.1955
31.01.1956
 
Smyshlenyy
706
23.02.1954
24.05.1955
28.06.1956
from 29.10.1958 - Moskovskiy komsomolets
Skrytnyy
707
25.07.1954
27.09.1955
30.09.1956
 
Soznatelnyy
708
25.09.1954
15.01.1956
31.10.1956
 
Spravedlivyy
709
25.12.1954
12.04.1956
20.12.1956
 
Nesokrushimyy
710
15.06.1955
20.07.1956
30.06.1957
from 8.04.1988 - SM-251
Nakhodchivyy
741
19.10.1955
30.10.1956
18.09.1957
 
Nastoychivyy
742
3.03.1956
23.04.1957
30.11.1957
 
Nikolaev, Shipyard 445 named after 61 kommunara - 8 units
Blestyashchyy
1201
20.02.1953
27.11.1953
30.09.1955
 
Byvalvyy
1202
6.05.1953
31.03.1954
21.12.1955
 
Bravyy
1203
25.07.1953
28.02.1955
9.01.1956
 
Besslednyy
1205
1.04.1954
5.11.1955
31.10.1956
 
Burlivyy
1206
5.05.1954
28.01.1956
28.12.1956
 
Blagorodnyy
1207
5.03.1955
30.08.1956
18.07.1957
 
Plamennyy
1208
3.09.1955
26.10.1956
31.08.1957
 
Naporistyy
1209
17.08.1955
30.12.1956
31.10.1957
 
Komsomolsk-na-Amure, Shipyard 199 - 7 units
Vyzyvayushchiy
81
25.07.1953
20.05.1955
31.03.1956
 
Veskiy
82
30.01.1954
31.07.1955
30.03.1956
 
Vdokhnovennyy
83
31.08.1954
7.05.1956
30.10.1956
 
Vozmuschennyy
84
30.12.1954
8.07.1956
31.12.1956
 
Vozbuzhdennyy
85
29.07.1955
10.05.1957
31.10.1957
 
Vliyatelnyy
86
29.10.1955
10.05.1957
6.11.1957
 
Vyderzhannyy
87
30.06.1956
24.06.1957
10.12.1957
from 20.02.1967 - Dal`nevostochnyy komsomolets, from 1.12.1992 - PKZ-7

General characteristics - Project 56

Displacement (tons):
Standard:2667
Full load:3230
Dimensions (m):
Length:126,1
Beam:12,76
Draft:4,26
Speed (kts):38
Range:3880 nm (14,3 kts), 3850 nm (14,7 kts), 3090 nm (17,9 kts), 685 nm (37,9 kts), 642 nm (38 kts)
Autonomy (days):10
Propulsion:2x36000 hp, GTZA TV-8, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2 turbine-type generators x400 kW, 2 diesel-generators x200 kW
Armament:2x2 130 mm SM-2-1 (850 rounds) - Fire control system "Sfera-56" with radar "Yakor`-M1"
4x4 45 mm SM-20ZIF (13200 rounds) - 2 radars "Fut-B"
2x5 533 mm PTA-53-56 torpedo tubes (10 torpedoes 53-57, 53-59) - Fire control system "Stalingrad T-56" with radar "Zarya" (on Smyshlenyy at first - radar "Volna", on Nakhodchivyy radar "Volna" not changed)
6 BMB-2 (30 BB-1 or BSP) - Fire control system "Shar-U"
2 depth charge throwers (18 BB-1 or BSP)
50 mines KB-3 or 50 mines AMD-50 50 mines GMZ 50 mines AGSB 36 mines AMD-1000
Electronics:Air/surface search radar "Fut-N" ("Rif" on some ships), navigation radar "Neptun", ESM radar system "Machta P4", "Nickel-K" and "Khrom-K" IFF, radio direction finder ARP-50, sonar "Pegas-2"
Crew:284 (19 officers)

Schematics

Destroyers - Project 56
Destroyers - Project 56

Destroyers - Project 56A
Destroyers - Project 56A


Modernizations

Project 56PLO - 14+1 units: Leningrad, Shipyard 190 named after A.A.Zhdanova - Skromnyy 12.11.1958-29.11.1960, Smyshlenyy 12.11.1958-1.12.1961, Sevastopol "Sevmorzavod" named after S.Ordzhonikidze - Blagorodnyy in 1963, Blestyashchyy 6.02.1958-10.03.1960, Bravyy not completed, Naporistyy 8.02.1961-19.08.1962, Plamennyy 18.01.1961-4.06.1962, Sveduschiy 31.08.1977-19.06.1979, Vladivostok "Dal`zavod" (from 12.1972 "Dal`zavod" named after 50-letiya USSR) - Besslednyy 25.05.1973-8.05.1976, Burlivyy 12.12.1961-25.03.1963, Vdokhnovennyy 22.01.1960-27.03.1961, Vozmuschennyy 15.02.1961-18.07.1962, Vyzyvayushchiy 25.03.1970-13.03.1975, Tallin Shipyard 7 - Byvalvyy 23.06.1962-28.10.1965, KMOLZ shipyard - Skrytnyy in 1960. ?/3560 tons, removed: stern torpedo tube, BMB-2, depth charge throwers, bow torpedo tube modernised into MPTA-53-56 (5 torpedoes 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-59, SET-53) - Fire control system "Zvuk-56", added: 2x16 RBU-2500 "Smerch" (128 RGB-25) - Fire control system "Smerch-56" (on Smyshlenyy - 2x12 RBU-6000 "Smerch-2" (96 RGB-60) - Fire control system "Burya"), 2x6 RKU-36U "Burun" (48 RGB), 34 kts, crew - 270 (18 officers), sonar "Pegas-2M" instead of "Pegas-2", anti-submarine non-acoustic search system "Kolos-2000" (on Smyshlenyy)
Project 56K -1 unit: Bravyy in 1959-60 Sevastopol "Sevmorzavod" named after S.Ordzhonikidze. 2890/3447 tons, draft 4,5 m, removed: stern SM-2-1, 3 SM-20ZIF with 1 radar "Fut-B", stern torpedo tube, RKU-36U "Burun", added:1x2 launcher ZIF-102 SAM system M-1 "Volna" (16 missiles V-600 (4K90)) - Fire control system 4R-90 "Yatagan", 2x16 RBU-2500 "Smerch" (128 RGB-25) - Fire control system "Smerch-56", bow torpedo tube modernised into MPTA-53-56 (5 torpedoes 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-59, SET-53) - Fire control system "Zvuk-56", 35,5 kts, 3000 nm (18 kts), crew - 270 (19 officers), air/surface search radar MR-300 "Angara" instead of "Fut-N". In 1963-64 added 2x4 45 mm SM-20ZIF
Project 56A - 7 units: Nikolaev, Shipyard 445 named after 61 kommunara - Nastoychivyy 5.07.1967-17.07.1970, Nakhodchivyy 25.12.1965-12.03.1966, Kronshtadskiy Shipyard - Skromnyy 7.07.1965-19.11.1969, Sevastopol "Sevmorzavod" named after S.Ordzhonikidze - Nesokrushimyy 11.10.1969-31.12.1970, Soznatelnyy 1.12.1968-20.01.1972, Vladivostok "Dal`zavod" (from 12.1972 "Dal`zavod" named after 50-letiya USSR) - Vozbuzhdennyy 24.08.1965-16.07.1966, Skrytnyy 30.12.1970-30.01.1972. 3060/3620 tons, draft 4,5 m, removed: stern SM-2-1, 3 SM-20ZIF with 1 radar "Fut-B", stern torpedo tube, BMB-2, depth charge throwers, added:1x2 launcher ZIF-102 SAM system M-1 "Volna" (16 missiles V-600 (4K90)) - Fire control system 4R-90 "Yatagan", 4x2 30 mm AK-230 - 2 Fire control system MR-104 "Rys`" (on Vozbuzhdennyy, Nesokrushimyy, Skrytnyy, Soznatelnyy), 2x12 RBU-6000 "Smerch-2" (96 RGB-60) - Fire control system "Burya" (on Skromnyy - 2x16 RBU-2500 "Smerch" (128 RGB-25) - Fire control system "Smerch-56"), bow torpedo tube modernised into MPTA-53-56 (5 torpedoes 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-59, SET-53) - Fire control system "Zummer", 34,5 kts, 2150 nm (17 kts), crew - 268 (19 officers), Air/surface search radar MR-310 "Angara-A" instead of "Fut-N", ESM radar system "Bizan`-4" instead of "Machta P4", sonar GS-572 "Gerkules-2" instead of "Pegas-2" (on Vozbuzhdennyy, Nesokrushimyy, Skrytnyy - GS-572 "Gerkules", Skromnyy, Soznatelnyy - GS-572 "Gerkules-2M")
Project 56AE - 1 unit: Spravedlivyy 14.05.1966-2.11.1969 Leningrad, Shipyard 190 named after A.A.Zhdanova. Removed: stern SM-2-1, 3 SM-20ZIF with 1 radar "Fut-B", stern torpedo tube, BMB-2, depth charge throwers, added: 1x2 launcher ZIF-102 SAM system M-1 "Volna" (16 missiles V-600 (4K90)) - Fire control system 4R-90 "Yatagan", 2x1 45 mm 21KM, RBU-2500 "Smerch" (128 RGB-25) - Fire control system "Smerch-56", bow torpedo tube modernised into MPTA-53-56 (5 torpedoes 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-59, SET-53) - Fire control system "Zvuk-56", Air/surface search radar MR-300 "Angara" instead of "Fut-N", 2 navigation radars "Don" instead of "Neptun", sonar GS-572 "Gerkules-2M" instead of "Pegas-2"
On Veskiy in 1969, Vyderzhannyy in 1966, Svetlyy in 1958 added helipad for Kamov-15 helicopter
On Nastoychivyy SAM system M-1 "Volna" upgraded to M-1 "Volna-M" (missiles V-601 (4K91)), then upgraded to "Volna-P"
On Blagorodnyy in 1978, Veskiy in 1970, Vliyatelnyy in 1971, Vyderzhannyy in 1970-72, Svetlyy in 1971, Speshnyy added 2x2 25 mm 2M-3M - 4000 rounds
On Blestyashchyy, Burlivyy in 1972, Vdokhnovennyy in 1975, Vozmuschennyy, Vyzyvayushchiy in 1972 (removed in 1980), Naporistyy in 1971, Plamennyy in 1978, added 4x2 25 mm 2M-3M - 8000 rounds
On Veskiy in 1970, Vliyatelnyy in 1971, Vyderzhannyy added 2x1 45 mm 21KM
On Nakhodchivyy, Nesokrushimyy, Sveduschiy, Svetlyy, Skromnyy, Soznatelnyy, Speshnyy, Spokoynyy, Spravedlivyy radar "Yakor-M1" replaced by "Yakor-M2"
On Besslednyy added air search radar P-10, then removed
On Blestyashchyy, Vliyatelnyy in 1971, Vozbuzhdennyy, Vyderzhannyy in 1970-72, Svetlyy in 1971, Skrytnyy, Soznatelnyy, Speshnyy in 1971, Spokoynyy in 1973 2 navigation radars "Don" instead of "Neptun"
On Burlivyy in 1972, Naporistyy in 1971, Nesokrushimyy added navigation radar "Don"
On Blestyashchyy econnaissance radar "Bizan`-4B" instead of econnaissance radar "Machta P4"
On Veskiy in 1970 sonar "Pegas-2M" instead of sonar "Pagas-2"
On Vyderzhannyy in 1970-72 added submersible sonar MG-329 "Bronza"
On Veskiy in 1970, Vozbuzhdennyy, Skrytnyy added sonar MG-409
On Blestyashchyy added sonar MG-40U
On Vyderzhannyy in 1970-72 added underwater communication system MG-26 "Khosta"
On Blagorodnyy in 1978, Bravyy in 1967, Burlivyy in 1972, Byvalvyy, Veskiy in 1970, Vozbuzhdennyy, Naporistyy in 1971, Nastoychivyy (removed in 1981), Nesokrushimyy, Skromnyy, Skrytnyy, Soznatelnyy, Speshnyy in 1973 added submarine-search station MI-110K
On Blestyashchyy, Veskiy in 1970, Vozbuzhdennyy, Vyderzhannyy in 1970-72, Nesokrushimyy, Skrytnyy added submarine-search station MI-110R
On Blestyashchyy dded submarine-search station MI-110P
Target-ship: SM-251 (Nesokrushimyy) 30.12.1987
Floating barracks: PKZ-7 (Vyderzhannyy) 25.04.1992
Non-realized updatings of the project: Project 56PM - sonar MG-325 "Vega" on Smyshlenyy


Fleets

Baltic Fleet: Nastoychivyy (from 7.05.1958 Northern Fleet, from 8.06.1967 Black Sea Fleet, from 17.07.1970 Baltic Fleet), Sveduschiy (from 10.10.1956 Northern Fleet, from 5.10.1963 Black Sea Fleet), Svetlyy, Skromnyy (from 2.09.1956 Northern Fleet), Skrytnyy (from 12.02.1960 Northern Fleet, from 20.09.1960 Pacific Fleet), Soznatelnyy (from 12.07.1958 Northern Fleet, from 11.11.1964 Black Sea Fleet, from 6.02.1967 Nothern Fleet, from 27.03.1971 Black Sea Fleet), Speshnyy, Spokoynyy (from 9.10.1957 Northern Fleet, from 1.07.1964 Baltic Fleet, from 5.07.1971 Northern Fleet), Spravedlivyy
Black Sea Fleet: Besslednyy (from 1.08.1957 Pacific Fleet), Blagorodnyy (from 15.09.1982 Baltic Fleet), Blestyashchyy (from 20.09.1960 Pacific Fleet), Bravyy, Burlivyy (from 1.08.1957 Pacific Fleet), Byvalvyy (from 24.06.1959 Northern Fleet), Naporistyy, Plamennyy
Northern Fleet: Smyshlenyy (from 20.03.1966 Black Sea Fleet, from 21.10.1968 Northern Fleet), Nakhodchivyy (from 12.03.1968 Black Sea Fleet), Nesokrushimyy (from 20.01.1965 Black Sea Fleet, from 8.06.1967 Nothern Fleet, from 11.10.1969 Black Sea Fleet, from 31.12.1970 Northern Fleet)
Pacific Fleet: Vdokhnovennyy, Veskiy, Vliyatelnyy, Vozbuzhdennyy, Vozmuschennyy, Vyderzhannyy, Vyzyvayushchiy


Hull Numbers

Besslednyy: 90(1957), 89, 636(1961), 811(1962), 448(1977), 739(1981), 756(1983), 753(1986), 756(1988), 022(1967), 440
Blagorodnyy: 79(1956), 106(1956), 220, 349(1970), 343(1971), 353(1972), 388(1972), 352(1975), 356(1977), 513(1980), 355(1981), 511(1982), 630(1983), 519(1988), 671(1989), 510(1989), 541(1990), 382
Blestyashchyy: 70(1955), 79(1956), 82(1957), 78, 97, 812(1962), 870(1963), 475(1964), 421(1970), 405(1974), 408(1976), 449(1977), 434?, 440
Bravyy: 78(1956), 165(1961), 073(1966), 936(1966), 935(1965), 375(1967), 303(1969), 369(1970), 185(1972), 353(1972), 385(1974), 373(04.1975), 511(1977), 357(1978), 382(1981), 525(1988), 354, 347
Burlivyy: 90, 074(1966), 351(1967), 429(1977), 724(1981), 763?, 744(1989)
Byvalvyy: 77(1957), 93, 547(1960), 870(1961), 299(1973), 413, 603?, 583?(56PLO)
Vdokhnovennyy: 50, 494(1959), 034(1966), 395(1967), 429(1968), 729(1979), 779(04.1979), 736(1987)
Veskiy: 53, 409(1959), 022(1966), 426(1969), 407(1971), 408(1972), 778(1978), 718(1979), 707(1981), 715(1982), 726(1985), 420
Vliyatelnyy: 260(1967), 066, 456, 443?, 427, 434(1974), 782(05.1978), 718(05.1981), 740(05.1984)
Vozbuzhdennyy: 483(1959), 887(1962), 043(1964), 420(1970), 448(1970), 442(1972), 417(1974), 418(1977), 785(08.1977), 704(05.1981), 799(05.1984), 745(05.1987), 877
Vozmuschennyy: 019(1966), 340(1967), 403(1970), 763(1987), 603, 640
Vyderzhannyy: 485?(1959), 066(1966), 492(1968), 427(1969), 401(1970), 409(1972), 432(1974), 450(1974), 720(1983), 796(1986), 769(1987), 781(1989), 753
Vyzyvayushchiy: 472(1960), 072(1966), 446(1972), 425(1977), 782(1978), 766(1989), 768(1989), 434
Naporistyy: 23(1957), 224(1957), 400, 212(1962), 214(1964), 253(1966), 250(1968), 362(1970), 367(1971), 349, 359(1976), 360(1979), 530(1979), 517(1980), 516(1983), 358(1986), 518(1986)
Nastoychivyy: 44(1956), 45(1957), 545(1959), 020(1965), 308(1969), 462(1970), 366(1970), 486(1971), 353, 963(1972), 483(1973), 465(1975), 405(1976), 383(1976), 481(1977), 650(06.1978), 689(1979), 615(1983), 661(1985), 522(1987), 606(1988)
Nakhodchivyy: 36(1956), 46(1957), 75?(1959), 542(1959), 607(1963), 620(1963), 366(56), 772(1965), 017(1966), 380(1967), 383(1969), 388(1970), 381(1970), 360(1973), 322(1976), 513(1977), 380(1978), 513(1983), 514(1985), 448(1986), 522(1987), 531
Nesokrushimyy: 90(1956), 44(1957), 256(1958), 40(1959), 544(1959), 610(1963), 774(1964), 773(1965), 018(1966), 355(1970), 377(1980), 412(1984)
Plamennyy: 22(1957), 79, 222(1957), 213(1962), 514(1967), 353(1969), 363(1970), 954(1971), 383(1972), 373, 522(1977), 382(1980), 538(1980), 361(1982), 359(1986), 354, 526, 517, 516, 518
Sveduschiy: 45(1956), 42(1957), 15, 544(1959), 259(1961), 685(1963), 603(1964), 720(1965), 774(1966), 092(1966), 309(1969), 358(1978), 525(1978), 519(1983), 522(07.1984), 516(1988), 511(1991), 519(1992), 263(56PLO), 353, 527
Svetlyy: 95(1955), 86(1956), 762(1958), 251(1959), 860(1961), 850(1962), 860(1963), 858(1965), 741(1965), 168(1967), 420(1968), 482(1969), 952(1972), 432(1974), 489(1975), 490(1975), 467(07.1977), 430(1978), 476(1982), 651, 950, 462, 470
Skromnyy: 75(1956), 542(1959), 521(1962), 612(1963), 764(1965), 012(1966), 308(1969), 345(1975), 720
Skrytnyy: 045(1960), 683(1961), 685(1965), 096?(56PLO), 447(1968), 418(1975), 715, 722(1980), 715(1982), 707(1983), 745(07.1987)
Smyshlenyy: 92, 46(1956), 43(1957), 833(1961), 600(1963), 011(1966), 384(1969), 304(1970), 337(1971), 663, 454(1978), 459(08.1980), 475(1983), 408, 306, 308
Soznatelnyy: 74(1956), 77(1956), 29(1958), 47(1958), 256(1959), 605(1959), 765(1963), 607(1964), 016(1965), 311(1968), 383(1970), 390(1971), 357(1973), 367(1974), 169(1974), 357(1975), 375(1975), 361(1975), 516(1977), 361(1979), 260(1980), 381(1981), 512(12.07.1984), 526(1986), 512(1987), 360(56), 377, 530
Speshnyy: 32(1956), 602(1958), 502(1959), 172(1964), 413(1969), 476(1971), 954(1973), 471(1977), 672(1978), 640(1978), 665(1984), 655(11.1986), 602(07.1988)
Spokoynyy: 43(1956), 41(1957), 40(1958), 541(1959), 543(1960), 256(1961), 811(1963), 762(1965), 391(1970), 325(1976), 541(1978), 405(1984), 454
Spravedlivyy: 92(1956), 98(1957), 44, 40(1957), 254(1959), 256(1960), 254(1963), 191(1964), 954(1965), 774(1966), 175(1967), 372(1968), 375(1969)


Decommissioned

1986 - Smyshlenyy (22.07)
1987 - Blestyashchyy (30.07), Bravyy (30.07), Vdokhnovennyy (5.03), Veskiy (30.07), Vozmuschennyy (5.03), Naporistyy (30.07)
1988 - Besslednyy (8.04), Byvalvyy (17.07), Vliyatelnyy (17.07, sank as target in 1989), Soznatelnyy (1.03)
1989 - Blagorodnyy (25.04), Burlivyy (25.05), Vozbuzhdennyy (25.04, sank as target 12.08.1991), Vyzyvayushchiy (25.04), Nastoychivyy (25.04), Nakhodchivyy (25.04), Svetlyy (25.04), Skromnyy (25.04), Skrytnyy (25.04), Speshnyy (25.04)
1990 - Spokoynyy (19.04)
1991 - Nesokrushimyy (27.07), Plamennyy (24.06)
1992 - Sveduschiy (8.04)
1993 - Vyderzhannyy (29.06)


Export

Poland: 1 unit
Warszawa 275 (till 25.06.1970 Spravedlivyy). Decommissioned 31.01.1986

 
   

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