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Air cushion small landing ships
Project 12322 Zubr
Project 12322E

NATO: Pomornik (or Zubr) Class


Quantity

10 + 5 units


Ships

Project 12322

Name
Yard ¹
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Leningrad (Sankt-Peterburg), «Almaz» - 5+2 units
MDK-51
¹100
23.02.1983
9.10.1985
10.10.1988
 
MDK-122
¹101
-
-
2.01.1990
 
MDK-50
¹102
-
-
30.10.1990
from 17.08.2001 - Evgeniy Kocheshkov
MDK-94
¹103
-
-
15.10.1991
from 12.03.2001 - Mordoviya
MDK-118
¹104
-
-
29.08.1994
 
MDK-119
¹105
-
-
-
scrap on 2005
MDK-
¹106
-
-
-
not completed
Feodosia, «More» - 3+3 units
MDK-57
¹301
-
-
30.12.1988
 
MDK-123
¹302
-
-
30.12.1989
 
MDK-93
¹303
-
-
30.12.1991
 
MDK-100
¹304
-
-
26.06.1993
completed for Ukraine
MDK-100
¹305
1993
9.12.2000
3.02.2001
completed for Ukraine
MDK-
¹306
-
-
-
not completed

Project 12322E- Sankt-Peterburg, «Almaz»

Name
Yard ¹
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
MDK-
¹107
25.05.2000
28.05.2001
2001
 
MDK-
¹108
24.01.2003
25.07.2004
2004
 

General characteristics - Project 12322

Displacement (tons):
Standard:500
Full load:550
Dimensions (m):
Length:57,3
Beam:25,6
Draft:1,6
Speed (kts):63
Range:300 mn (55 kts)
Autonomy (days):5
Propulsion:3x10000 hp, gas turbines MT-70, 2x10000 hp, gas turbines NO-10, 5 turbine-type generators GTG-100K x100 kW (Project 12322E - 5 diesel generators «Volvo Penta»)
Armament:1x2 launcher MTU-2 SAM system «Igla-1M» (32? missiles)
2x6 30 mm AK-630M (3000 rounds) – Fire control system MR-123-02 «Vympel» (on MDK-51 - without fire control system)
2x22 140 mm launchers MS-227«Ogon`» (132 rounds OF-45, ZZh-45) – Fire control system DVU-3
78 mines (instead of troops)
Electronics:Radar «Pozitiv» (on MDK-51), Radar «Lazur`», ESM Radar system MP-411, navigation radar «Ekran-1», communication complex R-782 «Buran»
Cargo:3 main battle tanks T-80 or 10 BTR or 8 BMP or 360 troops or 140 troops and 130 tons of cargo or 150 tons of cargo
Crew:27 (4 officers)

Schematics

Air cushion small landing ships - Project 12322
Air cushion small landing ships - Project 12322


Modernizations

Non-realized updatings of the project: Project 12325 «Maral» – car & passenger ferry, Project 12326 – car ferry


Fleets

Baltic Fleet: MDK-50, 51, 94, 118, 122, ¹107, 108
Black Sea Fleet: MDK-57, 93, 123


Hull Numbers

MDK-50: 615(1990), 770(1993)
MDK-51: 270, 733(1986?), 700(1987), 762(1990)
MDK-57: 567(1989), 507(1990)
MDK-93: 509(1990)
MDK-94: 625, 782(1990)
MDK-118: 717(1996)
MDK-122: 795(1989)
MDK-123: 586(1989), 508(1990)
¹107: 702(2001)
¹108: 702(2004)


Decommissioned

1997 – MDK-51 (17.07)
2005 – MDK-122 (22.06)
2010 – MDK-50 (plan), MDK-94 (plan)


Export

Greece: 4 units
Kefalonia L180 (till 20.12.2000 MDK-118), Ithaki L181 (till 17.02.2001 Ivan Bogun), Kerkyra L182 (till 23.11.2004 ¹108), Zakynthos L183 (till 09.2001 ¹107)

China: plan 4 units:
Project 958 «Bizon»: 2 units in Feodosia, «More» (I ?/25.09.2012/12.04.2013), and 2 units under license in China - ¹3325 2013

Ukraine: 5 units:
Donets, then Donetsk U420 (till 1992 MDK-100) decommissioned 23.07.2008, Ivan Bogun U421 (till 1992 ¹305), Kramatorsk U422 (till 31.12.1995 MDK-57) decommissioned 11.06.1999, Gorlovka U423 (till 31.12.1995 MDK-93) decommissioned 2011, Artemivsk U424 (till 31.12.1995 MDK-123) decommissioned 29.11.2000. On Donetsk navigation radar SRN-207

 
   

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