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Air cushion small landing ships
Project 1232
Project 12321 Dzheyran

NATO: Aist Class


Quantity

20 units


Ships

Project 1232 Leningrad, Nevskiy Morskoy Shipyard (from 06.1970 Almaz) 1 unit

Name
Yard
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
MDK-167
71
1967
-
12.1970
In 1975-76 was classify as training ship

Project 12321 Leningrad, Almaz 19 units

Name
Yard
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
MDK-86
72
-
-
21.01.1975
 
MDK-117
73
-
-
15.07.1974
 
MDK-103
74
-
-
27.01.1976
 
MDK-217
75
-
-
30.09.1976?
 
MDK-219
76
-
-
22.10.1977
 
MDK-184
77
-
-
30.07.1978
 
MDK-162
78
-
-
9.09.1979
 
MDK-165
79
-
-
27.05.1980
 
MDK-9
80
-
-
1980
 
MDK-16
81
-
-
1981
 
MDK-88
82
-
-
1981
 
MDK-89
83
-
-
30.07.1982?
 
MDK-77
84
-
-
30.11.1982?
 
MDK-113
85
-
-
29.08.1983
 
MDK-114
86
-
-
21.12.1983
 
MDK-15
87
-
-
30.08.1984?
 
MDK-18
88
-
-
30.11.1984
 
MDK-17
89
-
-
30.10.1985?
 
MDK-44
90
-
-
31.12.1985?
 

General characteristics - Project 12321

Displacement (tons):
Standard:310
Full load:360 (Project 1232 - 350)
Dimensions (m):
Length:45,5 (Project 1232 45,8)
Beam:17,4
Draft:1,6
Speed (kts):49 (Project 1232 50)
Range:300 nm (49 kts)
Autonomy (days):5
Propulsion:2x16000 hp, gas turbines NK-12, 2 diesel-generators DG-30 x30 kW, 1 turbine-type generator 1E20 x40 kW
Armament:2x2 30 mm AK-230 (2000 rounds) Fire control system MR-104 Rys` (Project 1232 - 1x2 30 mm AK-230 without fire control system)
Electronics:Navigation radar Mius (Project 1232 Donets-2)
Cargo:2 main battle tanks T-72 or 4 light tanks PT-76 or 5 BTR or 80 troops or 73,2 tons of cargo
Crew:21 (3 officers)

Schematics

Air cushion small landing ship - Project 12321
Air cushion small landing ship - Project 12321


Modernizations

On MDK-44 was added 1x2 14,5 mm 2M-7
On MDK-113 was added 1 decoy launcher UB-32, removed in 1989
On MDK-114, 117 was added PK-16 decoy RL (2 launchers -101). Removed on MDK-114 in 1986?
On some ships on Baltic fleet (MDK-114) was added launcher SAM system Strela
On MDK-15 was added special equipment for detonating cords


Fleets

Baltic Fleet: MDK-15, 17, 44, 77, 86, 103, 113, 114, 117, 165, 167, 217, 219
Black Sea Fleet: MDK-9, 16, 18 (from 1997 Caspian flotilia), 88 (from 1997 Caspian flotilia), 89, 162, 184 (from 1997 Caspian flotilia )


Hull Numbers

MDK-9: 572(1981), 559(1983), 583(1987), 500(1990)
MDK-15: 611(1984), 789(1984), 760(1987), 700(1990)
MDK-16: 630(1981), 578(1981), 561(1983), 581(1987), 501(1990)
MDK-17: 710(1985), 775(1987), 722(1990)
MDK-18: 575(1984), 570(1987), 506(1990), 608(2000)
MDK-44: 727(1985), 779(1987), 726(1990)
MDK-77: 622(1982), 701(1983), 707(1984), 777(1987), 759(1990)
MDK-86: 501(1975), 523(1977), 734(1978), 742(1981), 704(1984), 708(1987)
MDK-88: 574(1983), 563(1983), 579(1987), 502(1990), 609(2000)
MDK-89: 615(1982), 576(1982), 565(1983), 577(1987), 503(1990)
MDK-103: 503, 525(1976), 745(1978), 730(1981), 754(1984), 717(1987), 755(1990)
MDK-113: 700(1983), 758(1984), 722(1987), 730(1990)
MDK-114: 635(1983), 741(1984), 711(1984), 726(1987), 738(1988), 703(1990)
MDK-117: 588, 529(1976), 527(1977), 502(1978), 729(1978), 710(1981), 737(1984), 722, 751(1987), 719(1990)
MDK-162: 612(1978), 572(1979), 568(1981), 567(1983), 575(1987), 504(1990)
MDK-165: 601(1980), 753(1980), 748(1983), 721(1984), 755(1987), 756, 740(1990)
MDK-167: 539(1970), 500(1975), 530(1976), 552(1977), 701(1978), 747(1981), 799(1984)
MDK-184: 570(1979), 569(1983), 573(1987), 590, 505(1990), 610(2000)
MDK-217: 504?, 531(1977), 740(1978), 755(1981), 731(1984), 744(1987), 738(1990)
MDK-219: 505, 742(1978), 708(1981), 749(1984), 739(1987), 707(1990)


Decommissioned

1988 MDK-86
1991 MDK-117 (24.06)
1992 MDK-103 (19.03), MDK-167, MDK-217 (19.03), MDK-219 (19.03)
1994 MDK-44 (17.12), MDK-77 (17.12)
1995 MDK-9 (5.12), MDK-16 (5.12), MDK-165 (4.08)
1996 MDK-89 (8.07), MDK-162 (8.07)
1998 MDK-114 (16.03)
2002 MDK-15 (10.04), MDK-17 (10.04), MDK-113 (10.04)
2004 MDK-184 (28.05)
2010 MDK-88 (14.03)


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