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Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruiser
Project 1144 Orlan
Project 11442

NATO: Kirov class


Quantity

4 + 1 units


Ships

Project 1144 - Baltiysky Zavod JSC - 1 unit

Name
Yard ¹
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Kirov
¹800
26.03.1974
27.12.1977
30.12.1980
from 27.05.1992 - Admiral Ushakov

Project 11442 - Baltiysky Zavod JSC - 3+1 units

Name
Yard ¹
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Frunze
¹801
26.07.1978
26.05.1981
31.10.1984
from 27.05.1992 - Admiral Lazarev
Kalinin
¹802
17.05.1983
25.04.1986
30.12.1988
from 27.05.1992 - Admiral Nakhimov
Yuri Andropov
¹803
25.10.1986
29.04.1989
19.04.1998
from 27.05.1992 - Pyotr Veliky
Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetcov
¹804
-
-
-
Never laid down


General characteristics - Project 1144

Displacement (tons):
Standard:23750
Full load:25860
Dimensions (m):
Length:250,1
Beam:28,5
Draft:7,8
Speed (knots):31
Range:Unlimited
Autonomy (days):60
Propulsion:2x300 MW KN-3 nuclear reactors (2x70000 hp), GTZA-653, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 4x3000 kW steam electric turbines, 4x1500 kW gas electric turbines
Armament:

20x1 SM-233 3K45 «Granit» anti-ship missile complex launchers – 20 P-50 missiles (3M45)
12x1 B-203A S-300F «Fort» SAM system launchers (96 V-500R missiles (5V55RM))
2x2 launchers ZIF-122 SAM system 4K33 «Osa-M» (40 9M33 missiles) – 4R-33 fire control system
16x1 ZS-95 «Kinzhal» SAM system launchers (128 9M330 missiles) – 2 K-12-1 with radar ZR-95 fire control systems
2x1 100 mm AK-100 (2000 AZ-UZS-58 rounds) – MR-145 «Lev-218-100» fire control system
8x6 30 mm ÀÊ-630Ì (48000 rounds) – 4 MR-123 «Vympel-A» fire control systems
2x1 45 mm 21KM
1x2 MS-82 «Metel» ASM system launchers (10 85R anti-ship guided missiles)
2x5 PTA-53-1144 533 mm torpedo tubes (10 SET-65 torpedoes)
1x12 RBU-6000 «Smerch-2» (102 RGB-60, 20 RGB «Magnetit») – «Purga» fire control system
2x6 RBU-1000 «Smerch-3» (72 RGB-10)
2x7 55 mm MRG-1 (RG-55M)
2 Ka-27 helicopters or 3 Ka-25 helicopters

Electronics: MR-800 «Flag» radar complex (MR-600 «Voskhod» radar, MR-700 «Fregat-M» radar), MR-150 «Gurzuf-A» ESM radar system, MR-152 «Gurzuf-B» ESM radar system, MR-262 «Ograda» ESM radar system, MRP-52 «Kol`tco» ESM radar system, 2 «Vaygach» navigational radars, MGK-355 «Polinom» sonar, «Alleya-2» combat information control system, «Korall-BN», R-790 «Tcunami-BM» space communications system, «Tayfun-2» communication system
PK-2M decoy RL (2 ZIF-121 launchers) – 400 AZ-TST-41, AZ-PTST-41, AZ-TSP-47, AZ-TST-47, AZ-TSTV-47, AZ-TSO-47 (from 1985), AZ-TSR-47 (from 1991) rounds – «Tertciya» fire control system
Crew:759 (120 officers)

General characteristics - Project 11442

Displacement (tons):
Standard:24300
Full load:26396
Dimensions (m):
Length:250,1
Beam:28,5
Draft:7,8
Speed (knots):31
Range:Unlimited
Autonomy (days):60
Propulsion:2x300 MW KN-3 nuclear reactors (2x70000 hp), GTZA-653, 4x3000 kW steam electric turbines, 4x1500 kW gas electric turbines
Armament:20x1 SM-233 3K45 «Granit» anti-ship missile complex launchers – 20 P-50 missiles (3M45)
12x1 B-203A S-300F «Fort» SAM system launchers (¹802 – 96 48N6E missiles, ¹803 – 6x1 B-203A S-300F «Fort» SAM system launchers (48 48N6E missiles), 6x1 B-203A S-300FM «Fort-M» SAM system launchers (46 48N6E2 missiles ))
2x2 ZIF-122 4K33 «Osa-M» SAM system launchers (40 9M33 missiles) – 4R-33 fire control system (¹802 – 4K33 «Osa-MA» SAM System – Fire control system 4R-33A, not on ¹803)
16x1 launchers ZS-95 SAM System «Kinzhal» (128 missiles 9M330) – 2 Fire control system K-12-1 with radar ZR-95 (Project 11442, on ¹801 - 8x1 launchers ZS-95 SAM System «Kinzhal» (64 missiles 9M330) – Fire control system K-12-1 with radar ZR-95)
6 modules CIWS 3M87 «Kortik» – 2x(8 launchers missiles 9M311, 2x6 30 mm) – ¹802, 803
1x2 130 mm AK-130 – Fire control system MR-184 «Lev-218»
8x6 30 mm AK-630M (48000 rounds) – 4 Fire control system MR-123 «Vympel» (not on ¹802, 803)
2x1 45 mm 21KM
10x1 launchers RPK-6 «Vodopad-NK» (10 anti-ssunmarine guided missiles or torpedoes SET-65)
1x12 RBU-6000 «Smerch-2» (102 RGB-60, 20 «Magnetit») – Fire control system «Purga» (¹802, 803 – RKPTZ-1 «Udav-1» (1x10 RBU-12000))
2x6 RBU-1000 «Smerch-3» (72 RGB-10)
2x7 55 mm MRG-1 (RG-55M)
2 helicopters Ka-27 or 3 helicopters Ka-25
Electronics:Radar complex MR-800 «Flag» (radar MR-600 «Voskhod», MR-700 «Fregat-M» radar (¹801) or MR-750 «Fregat-MA» (¹802, 803)), 2 MR-350 «Podkat» surface radars (¹803), MP-503 «Kantata-M» ESM radar system, MP-407 «Start-2» ESM radar system, 2 MR-212/201 «Vaygach-U» surface radars, MGK-355 «Polinom» sonar, MG-7 «Braslet» anti-saboteur sonar, «Lesorub-44» combat information control system, «Korall-BN», «Krilstall-BK» space communication complex, «Tayfun-2» communication complex
PK-2M decoy RL (2 ZIF-121 launchers) – 400 AZ-TST-41, AZ-PTST-41, AZ-TSP-47, AZ-TST-47, AZ-TSTV-47, AZ-TSO-47 (from 1985), AZ-TSR-47 (from 1991) rounds – «Tertciya» fire control system
Crew:760 (120 officers)

Schematics

 



Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruiser "Kirov"


Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruiser "Frunze"

Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruiser "Frunze"


Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruiser "Kalinin"

Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruiser "Kalinin"


Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruiser "Pyotr Veliky"

Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruiser "Pyotr Veliky"


Modernizations

Project 11442M – 0+1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov in Severodvinsk, «Severnoe mashinostroitelnoe predpriyatie» 06.2013-plan 2018
On Pyotr Veliky in 2014: added MR-231-3 navigation radar
On Pyotr Veliky in 2014: MG-7 «Braslet» anti-saboteur sonar was replaced by MG-757.3 «Anapa»


Fleets

Northern Fleet: Kalinin, Kirov, Pyotr Veliky
Pacific Fleet: Frunze


Hull Numbers

Kalinin: 180(1988), 064(1989), 085(1990), 080(1994)
Kirov: 181(1980), 076(1981), 065(1983), 052(1985), 059, 092(1987), 052(1991), 090(1993)
Frunze: 190(1984), 050(1985), 028(1986), 014(1987), 058(1988), 010(1990), 015(1996)
Pyotr Veliky: 183(1995), 099(1998)


Decommissioned

2004 – Kirov (30.03)


Export

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